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Lectia numarul 3 - Pronumele

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Lectia numarul 3 - Pronumele

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 1:25 am











1. Pronumele personal


a) cu functie de subiect
b) cu functie de complement


a) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de subiect:


I --- eu
You --- tu, dumneata, dumneavoastra
He --- el
She --- ea
It --- el, ea (neutru), pentru nume de obiecte, lucruri, animale
We --- noi
You --- voi, dumneavoastra
They --- ei, ele, dumnealor


Exemple:
I am a big girl.
He lives near the school.
We like chocolate very much.
Do you like football?


b) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de complement:

me
- mie, imi, mi (complement indirect)
- pe mine, ma, m (complement direct)


you
- tie, iti, ti, dumitale, dumneavoastra (complement indirect)
- pe tine, te, pe dumneata, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct)





him
- lui, ii, i (complement indirect)
- pe el, il (complement direct)


her
- ei, ii, i (complement indirect)
- pe ea, o (complement direct)


it
- lui, ei, ii, i (complement indirect)
- pe el, il, pe ea, o (complement direct)


us
- noua, ne, ni (complement indirect)
- pe noi, ne (complement direct)


you
- voua, va, vi, dumneavoastra (complement indirect)
- pe voi, va, pe dumneavoastra (complement direct)


them
- lor, le, li (complement indirect)
- pe ei, ii, i (complement direct)


Exemple:
I watch my brother playing tennis.
You gave me a nice gift.
Give them a kiss from me!


2. Pronumele reflexive si de intarire


myself --- ma, insumi, insami
yourself --- te, insuti, insati
himself --- se, insusi
herself --- se, insesi
itself --- se, insusi, insasi (neutru)
ourselves --- ne, insine, insene
yourselves --- va, insiva, inseva
themselves --- se, insisi, insesi



Exemple:
I found myself very smart.
We did ourselves all the exercises.


3. Pronumele demonstrativ


this --- acesta, aceasta, asta, asta
that --- acela, aceea, ala, aia
these --- acestea, acestia, astia, astea
those --- acelea, aceia, aia, alea



Exemple:
This is my brother.
Those are his parents.


4. Pronumele posesive


mine --- al meu, a mea, ai mei, ale mele
yours --- al tau, a ta, ai tai, ale tale
his --- al sau (a lui), a sa (a lui), ai sai (ai lui), ale sale (ale lui)
hers --- al sau (a ei), a sa (a ei), ai sai (ai ei), ale sale (ale ei)
its own --- al sau, a sa, ai sai, ale sale (neutru)
ours --- al nostru, a noastra, ai nostri, ale noastre
yours --- al vostru, a voastra, ai vostri, ale voastre
their --- al lor, a lor, ai lor, ale lor


Exemple:
My brother is tall, but yours is taller.
His car is old, but hers is older.
I lost my pencil, can you lend me yours?


5. Pronumele nehotarat


some + body, one, thing
any + body, one, thing
no + body, one, thing

Exemple:
I want something from you.
She didn't find anything in the fridge.
There was no one in the room.


6. Pronumele relativ


who --- care
whom/who --- pe care
whose --- al (a, ai, ale) carui, careia, carora
what --- ce, ceea ce
which --- care, pe care (pt. lucruri, obiecte ...)
that --- care


Exemple:
My brother, who is a doctor, lives in Bucharest.
Tom, whose car was stolen, bought another one last week.
I found a cat that was lost.
I didn't like what I saw.


7. Pronumele interogativ


who? --- cine?
whom? who? --- pe cine?
whose? --- al (a, ai, ale) cui?
what? --- care?, pe care,ce?
which? --- (pe) care dintre?



Exemple:
Whom did you see last Sunday?
Whose shoes are those?
What are you doing?
Which do you like more?



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Re: Lectia numarul 3 - Pronumele

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 1:25 am

Exercitii:





1. Completati propozitiile urmatoare cu forma corecta a pronumelui reflexiv:
1) I enjoyed _______ at the party
2) My father didn't buy the book for _______
3) The dog cut _______ while running in the street.
4) Help _______ with some fruit, John and Mary.
5) We saw _______ in the snow.

2. Completati propozitiile de mai jos cu forma corecta a pronumelui posesiv:
1) This is my cat. It is _______
2) That is his lamp. It is _______
3) These are our maps. They are _______
4) Those are their shoes. They are _______
5) This is her shirt. It is _______

3. Completati corect spatiile goale cu unul dintre pronumele din paranteze:
1) I saw Mr. Thompson _______ is John's father. (that, who, which)
2) _______ did you meet last week, John or Steve? (which, who, whose)
3) Puffy, _______ is a big cat, is very lazy. (which, who, whose)
4) _______ are you doing? (whom, what, that)
5) _______ is going with you at the theatre? (who, that, whom)







Raspunsuri exercitii

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Localizare : la PC

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