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Lectia numarul 9 - Prezentul simplu

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Lectia numarul 9 - Prezentul simplu

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 1:45 am








A. Mod de formare


Afirmativ:
Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv
(la persoana a III-a singular se adauga terminatia „-s" sau „-es")


Exemple:
1. I go to school every day.
2. He reads a book every month.
3. She lives in Bucharest.


Interogativ:
Do / Does (pers.III, sg.) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv


Exemple:
1. Do you go to school every day?
2. Does he read a book every month?
3. Does she live in Bucharest?


Negativ:
Subiect + do / does (pers.III, sg.) + not + Verbul la infinitiv
Se folosesc adesea contractiile don't (do + not) si doesn't (does + not)


Exemple:
1. I don't go to school every day.
2. He doesn't read a book every month.
3. She doesn't live in Bucharest.


B. Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei „-s" sau „-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana a III-a singular


! La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia „-s" la persoana a III-a singular la afirmativ

Exemple:
I talk – He talks
I work – He works
I sleep – He sleeps


! Verbelelor care se termina in –ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o li se adauga terminatia „-es"

Exemple:
I kiss – He kisses
I wish – He wishes
I catch – He catches
I mix – He mixes
I go – He goes


! La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o consoana, se inlocuieste litera y cu litera i, iar apoi se adauga terminatia „-es"

Exemple:
I fly – He flies
I study – He studies
I cry – He cries


! La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o vocala, se adauga terminatia „-s"

Exemple:
I pay – He pays
I stay – He stays
I play – He plays


C. Folosim Prezentul Simplu pentru:


• activitati zilnice, saptamanale, lunare, anuale
Exemple:
I go to the mountains every month.
We have breakfast at 7.30 every morning.



• obiceiuri, hobby-uri
Exemple:
She plays tennis in her free time.
In the summer, they go to the seaside.


• situatii permanente
Exemplu:
He lives in Paris. I work as a manager.


• a exprima actiuni care respecta un anumit program
Exemple:
The bus for Bucharest lives at 12.15 on Monday.
I have Maths Friday at 11.30.


• situatii emotionale
Exemple:
I love my girlfriend very much.
He hates cats.


• adevaruri generale
Exemple:
The earth moves around the sun.
Water boils at 100°C.


D. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Simplu:


every
day/ week/ month/ year etc., every morning/ evening/ afternoon/ night,
usually, always, sometimes, often, never, in the morning/evening/night
etc.



Exemple:
1. He goes to the gim every day.
2. I play football every week.
3. We go to the dentist every year.

4. She watches TV every evening.
5. She usually studies hard for her exams.
6. I always do my homework.
7. He sometimes goes shopping.
8. I often play pool with my friends.
9. She never go to school by bus.
10. In the evening we play Monopoly.



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Re: Lectia numarul 9 - Prezentul simplu

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 1:48 am

Exercitii:





1. Puneti propozitiile urmatoare la persoana a III-a singular. Consultati mai intai exemplul:
Exemplu:
They live in Craiova. (He)
He lives in Craiova, too.


1. I fly from Bucharest to Rome every week. (Mary)
2. We usually play in the park. (John)
3. They like their jobs very much. (He)
4. I want a new car. (She)
5. You wake up at 7 o'oclock. (Paul)
6. You always wash the dishes. (Angela)
7. We watch TV every afternoon. (Tom)
8. I go to school by bus. (My brother)
9. You cook every Saturday. (My mother)
10. We study hard for our exams. (Mark)

2. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:
Exemplu:
You like swimming.
Do you like swimming?


1. He lives in Bucharest.
2. You wear an uniform at school.
3. My father drives very well.
4. Mr. Smith teaches English.
5. You like pizza and hamburgers.
6. My neighbour works as an engineer.
7. Your father repairs the car every month.
8. We drink coffee every morning.
9. Mary pays her bills every month.
10. He goes to bed very early every evening.

3. Folositi forma negativa pentru propozitiile urmatoare, folosind cuvintele din paranteze, la fel ca in exemplul de mai jos:
Exemplu:
I like Maths. (Physics)
I like Maths, but I don't like Physics


1. Mary writes postcards. (letters)
2. I go to the cinema. (theatre)
3. They read newspapers. (books)
4. You study French. (English)
5. Mr. Brown works in an office. (at home)
6. I like football. (rugby)
7. He drives a car. (a lorry)
8. Dan and John travel by train. (plane)
9. We drink tea. (coffee)
10. She plays chess every day. (tennis)

4. Formulati propozitii folosind conjunctia but:
Exemple:
I watch TV every evening. (John)
I watch TV every evening, but John doesn't.
He doesn't speak French. (they)
He doesn't speak French, but they do.


1. Julia washes the dishes. (I)
2. He doesn't want to go to the seaside. (his girlfriend)
3. I go to the cinema every week. (they)
4. She doesn't swim. (her sister)
5. We have breakfast early in the morning. (Paul)
6. I don't play football. (my best friend)
7. Me and my brother play on the computer. (Michael)
8. John doesn't read the newspaper every day. (we)
9. My mother likes to go shopping. (I)
10. You don't travel by plane. (she)

5. Adauga propozitiilor de mai jos adverbele din paranteze:
Exemplu:
I have lunch at 12 o'clock. (always)
I always have lunch at 12 o'clock.


1. My sister gets up at 10 o'clock. (usually)
2. We play football on Sundays. (sometimes)
3. I go out with a stranger. (never)
4. She listens to music in the evening. (always)
5. He goes to school by bus. (often)
6. I eat a hamburger in the morning. (never)
7. I read the newspaper in the evening. (usually)

8. In the morning I play on the computer. (sometimes)

9. Mother washes the dishes in the evening. (always)
10. They go skiing in the winter. (often)


Raspunsuri exercitii

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