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Lectia numarul 13 - Prezentul Perfect Simplu

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Lectia numarul 13 - Prezentul Perfect Simplu

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 1:59 am











A. Mod de formare


Afirmativ:
Subiect + have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + vb. la forma a III-a


Exemple:
1. I have washed her blouse.
2. He has written his homework.
3. We have learnt our English lesson.


Interogativ:
Have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + Subiect + vb. la forma a III-a


Exemple:
1. Have I washed her blouse?
2. Has he written his homework?
3. Have we learnt our English lesson?


Negativ:
Subiect + have/has (pers. a III-a sg.) + not + vb. la forma a III-a
Se folosesc adesea contractiile haven't (have + not) si hasn't (has + not)


Exemple:
1. I haven't washed her blouse.
2. He hasn't written his homework.
3. We haven't learnt our English lesson.




B. Folosim Prezentul Perfect Simplu pentru:


• a exprima o actiune incheiata de curand, dar nu se cunoaste cu exactitate momentul incheierii acesteia
Exemple:
I have cooked a delicious steak.
They have finished their homeworks.


• a exprima o actiune inceputa in trecut care se continua si in prezent; efectele actiunii se resimt si in prezent
Exemple:
I have lived here since 1994.
We have started classes for 3 hours.


C. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Perfect Simplu:


already, just, yet
Exemple:
1. He has already finished his classes.
2. Tom has just spoken on the phone with Mary.
3. They haven't written the exercise yet.



never, ever, often
Exemple:
1. I have never heard such a thing.
2. Have you ever read this news?
3. I have often travelled by car to the countryside.


ever and before
Exemplu:
Have you ever heard this song before?


for and since
Exemple:
1. I've had my own car for four years.
2. She has been ill since yesterday.


until now, so far, up to now
Exemple:
1. I haven't had any Math problems up to now.
2. So far, he hasn't complained about his wage.
3. Until now, I haven't heard about this English singer.



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Re: Lectia numarul 13 - Prezentul Perfect Simplu

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 2:00 am

Exercitii:





1. Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Simplu, ca in exemplul de mai jos:
Exemplu:
Tom .......... (write) .......... his homework.
Tom has just written his homework.

1. I .......... (fix) .......... my car.
2. Father .......... (leave) .......... home.
3. They .......... (arrive) .......... to the theatre.
4. We .......... (see) .......... our Math teacher.
5. He .......... (begin) .......... to cry.


2. Construieste propozitii la timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu, cu ajutorul expresiilor din paranteza, ca in exemplele de mai jos:
Exemple:
I .......... arrive .......... home. (just)
I have just arrived home.
He .......... paint .......... this picture. (never)
He has never painted this picture.
They .......... do .......... their homeworks. (yet)
They haven't done their homeworks yet.

1. Mary .......... cook .......... the soup. (already)
2. John and Tom .......... watch .......... TV. (just)
3. We .......... close .......... this window. (never)
4. Pupils .......... miss .......... the English class. (never)
5. You .......... lie .......... to your mother. (often)


3. Raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu, ca in exemplele de mai jos:
Exemple:
Have you ever heard this song before? (never)
We have never heard this song before.
Have you ever eaten this food before? (often)
We have often eaten this food.

1. Has he ever spoken to his cousin before? (never)
2. Have they ever played football? (often)
3. Have you ever lied to your mother? (never)
4. Has she ever skated before? (often)
5. Have you ever drunk whisky? (never)


4. Construieste intrebari si raspunsuri ca in exemplul de mai jos:
Exemplu:
drive the car
Have you driven the car yet?
I'm afraid I haven't driven it yet.

1. have breakfast
2. buy the buster
3. send the letter
4. clean the bathroom
5. wash the dishes


5. Completeaza urmatoarele propozitii ca in exemplul de mai jos, folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu:
Exemplu:
This is the most beautiful girl I .......... (see)
This is the most beautiful girl I have ever seen.

1. That is the most interesting movie he .......... (see)
2. This is the best book she .......... (read)
3. This is the biggest mall they .......... (visit)
4. These are the most attractive souvenirs they .......... (buy)
5. Those are the most wonderful monuments they .......... (see)


Raspunsuri exercitii

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