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Lectia numarul 14 - Prezentul Perfect Continuu

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Lectia numarul 14 - Prezentul Perfect Continuu

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 2:00 am















A. Mod de formare


Afirmativ:
Subiect + have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + vb. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"


Exemple:
1. I have been waiting for your reply since yesterday.
2. He has been sending me letters for 3 months.
3. We have been crying for 3 hours.


Interogativ:
Have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + Subiect + been + vb. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"


Exemple:
1. Have I been waiting for your reply since yesterday?
2. Has he been sending me letters for 3 months?
3. Have we been crying for 3 hours?


Negativ:
Subiect + have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + not + vb. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"
Se folosesc adesea contractiile haven't (have + not) si hasn't (has + not)


Exemple:
1. I haven't been waiting for your reply since yesterday.
2. He hasn't been sending me letters for 3 months.
3. We haven't been crying for 3 hours.




B. Folosim Prezentul Perfect Continuu pentru:


• a exprima o actiune inceputa in trecut si care nu s-a incheiat inca
Exemple:
She has been eating for ten minutes.
They have been working for several hours.


• a descrie stari sau sentimente care au inceput in trecut si au
continuat de-a lungul unei perioade de timp si sunt inca prezente in
momentul vorbirii

Exemple:
I have lived here since 1994.
We have started classes for 3 hours.


C. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Perfect Continuu:



since
Exemplu:
You have been living in Paris since 1996.



for
Exemplu:
They have been watching TV for 3 hours.


so far
Exemplu:
So far, there have been arriving 10 passengers from London.


ever
Exemplu:
Have you ever been listening to the radio?


never
Exemplu:
I have never been travelling to France until now.



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Re: Lectia numarul 14 - Prezentul Perfect Continuu

Mesaj Scris de TheIonut la data de Vin Aug 21, 2009 2:01 am

Exercitii:





1. Pune verbele din paranteza la timpul Prezentul Perfect Continuu, ca in exemplul de mai jos:
Exemplu:
I (travel) abroad for 2 weeks.
I have been travelling abroad for 2 weeks.

1. He (write) poems since 1997.
2. The children (draw) this map for half an hour.
3. The pupil (recite) the poem for ten minutes.
4. I (study) English for 4 years.
5. Sarah (do) her homework for 2 hours.


2. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind FOR + the last + Prezentul Perfect Continuu, ca in exemplul de mai jos:
Exemplu:
He began watching TV 2 hours ago.
He has been watching TV for the last 2 hours.

1. We began watering the flowers 2 days ago.
2. Paul and Jim began writing their homework half an hour ago.
3. Mother began going to the doctor 3 months ago.
4. Father began cooking for his family 10 minutes ago.
5. The poet began composing that poem 1 month ago.


3. Pune la forma interogativa a timpului Prezent Perfect Continuu, propozitiile de mai jos:
Exemplu:
He has been listening to the radio for 1 hour.
Has he been listening to the radio for 1 hour?

1. Children have been staying in the bus for 10 hours.
2. Pupils have been playing in the schoolgarden since noon.
3. The detective has been investigating this case since 2000.
4. The theatre show has been starting for 3 hours.
5. I have been watching "Young & Restless" since 2001.


4. Completeaza spatiile goale cu "FOR" si "SINCE". Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Continuu:
Exemplu:
Helen (study) English .......... last summer.
Heleng has been studying English since last summer.

1. We (talk) about that horrible accident .......... half an hour.
2. She (cook) a chicken soup .......... 1 hour.
3. They (phone) the manager .......... the last five minutes.
4. Mary (live) in Manhattan .......... June 1998.
5. It (rain) .......... morning.


5. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind "SINCE" si Prezentul Perfect Simplu, ca in exemplul urmator:
Exemplu:
It is raining. It started on Wednesday.
It has been raining since Wednesday.

1. He is crying. He began at noon.
2. Father is sleeping. He went to bed at 9 o'clock in the evening.
3. We are travelling by train. We left Bucharest yesterday evening.
4. The artist is drawing. He started his work in January.
5. We are watching the football game. It began at 8 o'clock.


Raspunsuri exercitii

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